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Inventory of Species

  • Inventory of Amphibians and Reptiles
  • Diversity of Beetles of The Family Cerambycidae
  • Bird Diversity Veragua Rainforest
  • Butterfly Diversity at Veragua Rainforest

Monitoring amphibians and reptiles is in charge of the biologist José Andrés Salazar Zuniga, who along with a team o Universidad of Costa Rica, monitored environments of primary and secondary forest, disturbed areas, riparian habitats and wetlands in search of Herpetofauna of the place since January 2011.

After one year of monitoring they found 119 species of amphibians and reptiles with only 2% of the sampled park. This list positions Veragua as the most frog-diverse place in all Costa Rica with 53 species. Among which one can include critically endangered species, including some of which have their last natural populations within the park. All specimens of the park are deposited and catalogued in the Museum of Zoology, University of Costa Rica.

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The lists and monitoring of beetles are in charge of the entomologist Rolando Ramirez, who along with specialists from the University of São Paulo and the National Museum have identified several specimens.

One of the best sampled groups are the Cerambycidae family beetles. This inventory represents the greatest biodiversity of species for this family of beetles collected in one study area (either a National Park, Biological Reserve or similar), with respect to studies and inventories made in Costa Rica and Central America.

The work of monitoring and sampling has been carried out from November 2008 to the present day. There have been are counted 219 morphospecies, of which 194 have been rated (Table 2). These 200 species represent a 13% of the biodiversity from the Cerambycidae family within the Costa Rican territory.

As part of the study four possible new species have been identified. They are currently under review, as well as a report of a new genre for Central America. Next, we will compare similar studies about theCerambycidae family, made in other areas of Costa Rica, based on the numbers of inventoried species.

The list of birds reported for the park has a total of 343 species (Table 3).

It was an initiative of the Daniel Torres, Site Manager, who has organised it for the past three years along with the team of researchers and Veragua naturalist guides. This is an event that takes place around the world called “Christmas Bird Count (CBC)” which is to make a bird monitoring for 24 hours in a 12-Km. diameter area globally established.

The CBC’s organised by Veragua Rainforest initiated back in 2009, with a group of the best specialists in birds of Costa Rica as leaders on each route. During the first year of the event, it reached the number of 364 species, 371 species in 2010. In 2011 they were able to perform 18 routes, reaching 408 species. A year later, there were 19 tours and they counted 417 species. The result of this event shows the greatest diversity and abundance reported for the Central American region with a record number of 417 identified species and 12,665 individuals.

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The inventory of butterflies started in 2009 by the National Biodiversity Institute (INBio), together with the Local para-taxinomist Julian Solano Salazar. The same was done by monitoring work in 2011 with collaborators from the National Museum.

For the monitoring they have used different methods of which we can highlight the light trap and fruit trap. The latter method is being used as part of a systematic sampling performed every month where Julian compares understory species from the canopy. It has the objective of having annual data on the dynamics of populations of different species, and as well as completing a record of the diversity of the site.

Currently there have been 175 species of butterflies (Table 4), divided into 14 subfamilies and 27 tribes. Within this list will have many important records of rare butterflies, we can highlight the appearance of the species Tetrisia florigera which last saw in Costa Rica 98 years ago and the species Dynastor macrosiris which is a new record for the country.
Regarding moths the National Museum has been responsible for conducting the listings. In its preliminary diversity report, Veragua Rainforest delivers the following results: “In this group of butterflies are two main groups: the Sphingidae family of which have been recorded 41 species belonging to 15 genera and two subfamilies. The most diverse genus is Xylophanes with 10 species, followed by Callionima with 4 species.

It was particularly interesting kadeni Oryba species, because it represents a new species for the collection of the National Museum of Costa Rica. The other family is Saturnidae which have been registered 25 species belonging to five subfamilies and 18 genera.

The most diverse genus with five species is Automeris. Of interest was the beprea Oxytenis species, a new species representing a new species for the museum’s collection ".

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